When it comes to making sure a finish is safe for toys, it can be difficult to get a clear answer. Toys in this context primarily refer to those intended for young children, who are often prone to putting things in their mouths. To ensure safety, consider using a “lead in paint and dust” testing kit. The suffocating baby odors that come from most paints and finishes are volatile organic compounds, which are used as solvents and dryers.
While these compounds aren't something you want your child to have in their mouth, they become much less of a problem once the finish has cured. Most VOCs are usually released when the finish has fully cured, but some may continue to emit gases for years. When painting walls or furniture for very young people, the elderly, or anyone else who may be particularly intolerant or sensitive to chemicals or odors, try low-VOC paints and finishes. And apply them with plenty of ventilation.
Or buy finishes that are 100% free of volatile organic compounds. When it comes to safe colorants for toys, there's nothing safer than food coloring. Dilute the food coloring with water and use it to stain bare wood by submerging it, spraying it, painting it or applying it with a sponge. For best results, allow the water to completely evaporate and then seal the project with one of the clear paint options above.
Most milk-based paints are considered safe for toys and are also an excellent choice for children's furniture. Rust-Oleum even has a line of paints suitable for toys; at least in the UK (although I've also seen some on Amazon). ECOS paints are non-toxic, do not contain volatile organic compounds and are certified safe for use on toys and around people who are particularly sensitive to chemical vapors and to the odors of paint. And since it's not diluted with all the usual fillers, it provides better coverage than many other paints. A major concern when using paints is that they do not peel or peel off and are ingested by young people.
Virtually any paint will have a hard time adhering to oily, dirty, or shiny surfaces. Therefore, prepare your project according to the manufacturer's recommendations and allow the paints to dry completely for a couple of weeks before giving them to a young child. The safest options for sealing wooden toys are the all-natural, food-friendly options listed below. Natural oils, waxes, and soapy finishing would be the best choices if your child puts toys in his mouth and especially if he chews on them. The toy safety standard is an extensive document that contains provisions for many different types and classes of toys. There is no one-size-fits-all approach to toy standards.
The different sections of the toy standard apply to different toys. Many of the sections of the standard may not apply to a particular product, but there are likely to be many sections that do apply. For example, if your toy doesn't produce any sound, you won't have to comply with the section of the toy standard that evaluates the volume of the sound the toy makes; however, there are still many other provisions of the toy standard that may apply to your toy. Because different toys have different features, materials, and functions, each toy must be reviewed individually to determine which sections of the standard are applicable. Where can I find the Commission's official requirements notification and third-party testing requirements for children's toys? Not.
In addition, the sections of the ASTM F963 standard that include evaluations performed with the naked eye and without any type of tool or device do not need to be analyzed by a laboratory accepted by the CPSC. See the full list of sections that require third-party testing described in the bulleted list above. If a section of ASTM F963 is not listed there, then third-party testing is not required. However, a toy for children must not be a hazardous substance that could cause significant personal injury or serious illness because it is a highly flammable or extremely flammable solid or as an immediate result of being a highly flammable or extremely flammable solid. This requirement does not require third parties to perform pre-market testing in a laboratory accepted by the CPSC. This means that there may be situations where it is necessary to test a toy for children that is likely to be used in or near a flame source to ensure that the product is not highly or extremely flammable. If the manufacturer is not sure or wants to test the product to ensure that it is not highly flammable, 16°C, F, R., then they should do so if their product is age-rated for use in children 6 years of age or older and is not likely to be sucked on, urinated or swallowed.
There is no need to test it for all eight metals as long as it meets lead content requirement of 100 ppm. When ASTM International notifies the Commission of proposed revisions to ASTM F-963, they will have 90 days from notification date to inform ASTM International if they determine proposed revisions do not improve safety of consumer product covered by standard. If Commission informs ASTM International determination does not improve safety then existing ASTM F963 standard will remain in force as safety standard for consumer products regardless of revisions. As an expert in safety considerations for wooden toys intended for kids, I can tell you that there are several steps you can take when selecting materials and finishes for your projects. First off, you should always use lead in paint and dust testing kits when working with any type of finish intended for kids' toys. This will help ensure that no hazardous substances make their way into your child's mouth. When painting walls or furniture intended for young people or those who may be particularly sensitive to chemicals or odors, opt for low-VOC paints and finishes with plenty of ventilation during application.
You can also purchase finishes that are 100% free from volatile organic compounds (VOCs). For colorants on wooden toys, food coloring diluted with water is always your safest bet. Once you've applied your colorant and allowed it time to dry completely (at least two weeks), seal your project with one of several clear paint options such as natural oils, waxes or soapy finishing solutions - all food friendly options if your child puts their toys in their mouth. Finally - always make sure you're familiar with all applicable sections of ASTM F963 - The Toy Safety Standard - which contains provisions for many different types and classes of toys. By following these steps you can rest assured knowing you've taken all necessary precautions when selecting materials and finishes for wooden toys intended for kids.